BENVENISTE, MOSES


BENVENISTE, MOSES
BENVENISTE, MOSES (second half of the 16th century), Turkish physician. As medical attendant to the grand vizier, Siavouch Pasha, Benveniste attained considerable influence in Turkish politics; in 1582 he was largely responsible for reinstating Peter the Lame as gospodar (ruler) of Moldavia. In 1583, in conjunction with Nissim, the Jewish director of the mint, he recommended the currency reform which led to a revolt of the Janissaries. Later, he was associated with the Jew david passi and the Italian Paolo Maria in unsuccessful intrigues with the English ambassador Barton against solomon abenaes , Duke of Mytilene. In 1598 Benveniste, who had always favored the pro-Spanish party in Turkish politics, was one of the three Turkish plenipotentiaries in the peace negotiations with Spain. Having exceeded their instructions, they were banished. It is possible that Benveniste unsuccessfully tried to escape this sentence by embracing Islam, but died a political prisoner, probably in Rhodes. The poet Yehudah Zarko, a native of Rhodes, wrote a long poem about the exile of Benveniste to Rhodes. His son, Rabbi Israel Benveniste, visited him there. It seems that he became one of the leaders of the Jewish community in Rhodes. Rabbi Israel died after 1695 and we have the poem which was written on his tombstone. His well-known grandchildren were Rabbi Ḥayyim Benveniste and Rabbi Moses Benveniste. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Rosanes, Togarmah 3 (19382), 8, 13, 356–8, 363; C. Roth, House of Nasi, Duke of Naxos (1948), 200, 204, 211, 215; A. Galanté, Turcs et Juifs (1932), 101; idem, Juifs de Rhodes (1935), 109f.; E. Charrière (ed.), Négociations de la France dans le Levant, 4 (1966), 246f. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Graetz-Shefer, 7, 309, 428. Benayahu, in: Sefunot 12 (1971–78), 123–45; C.M. Kortepeter, Ottoman Imperialism during the Reformation: Europe and the Caucasus (1972), 214–26; F. Braudel, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II (1973), 1143–85. (Cecil Roth / Leah Bornstein-Makovetsky (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • BENVENISTE, ABRAHAM — (1406–1454), court rabbi in Castile mentioned in crown documents dating from about 1430. The young king, John II, handed over the government of Castile to two noblemen, who appointed Benveniste, a native of Soria, to restore its shaky fiscal… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BENVENISTE, JOSEPH BEN MOSES DE SEGOVIA — (second half of the 16th century), rabbi and author. Benveniste spent most of his life in Safed but died in Brusa, Turkey. His principal teacher was elisha gallico , but he also studied under isaac luria and samuel b. isaac de uceda . joseph… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • BENVENISTE, IMMANUEL — (Manoel; Venice? c. 1608–Amsterdam c. 1660), Hebrew printer in Amsterdam. Benveniste s name appears in an entry in the Puiboken of that city, dated Feb. 10, 1640: Immanuel Benveniste of Venice, 32 years old, parents still living… Among the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MOSES BEN JACOB OF COUCY — (13th century), French scholar and tosafist. His father Jacob is mentioned a number of times in the printed tosafot (Kid. 43b; et al.). Moses was the maternal grandson of the tosafist Ḥayyim ha Kohen and brother in law of samson of coucy . His… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • IBN BARUN, ABU IBRAHIM ISAAC BEN JOSEPH IBN BENVENISTE — (c. 1100), Hebrew grammarian and lexicographer. He lived in Saragossa and Málaga and associated with moses ibn ezra and judah halevi , who dedicated poems to him; the former called him nasi and gevir prince. Ibn Barun wrote poems in Hebrew and in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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